Grouting the tiles of your bathroom, outdoor patio installation or any other area is the final step of ceramic floor installation. Once successfully completed, you can enjoy the beautiful ambiance created by the ceramic, porcelain or mosaic floor. Grout is epoxy resin or cement based decorative component, which is used to fill the seams and joints between the tiles. Before we go on to learning how to grout tiles, lets mention the tools you will need to have:
- Electric drill
5 gallon bucket and clean water
Grout and grout float
A Short Guide On Grouting Tiles
Broadly speaking, there are 3 types of grout that can be used for fixing the tiles. The standard grout is made using combinations of fine sand and Portland cement. Standard grout is used for fixing the joints that are thicker than 1/8-inch. For smaller joints than 1/8 inch, un-sanded grout or Portland cement is used without mixing it with fine sand. Epoxy grout is made using minerals and epoxy resins. Although, it doesn’t contain cement, the resins make it more durable, harder and stain proof than cement based grout. However, installing the ceramic floors with resin based grout is more difficult and expensive in comparison to cement based grouts.
Here’s a simple infographic that will help you learn how to grout shower tile or backsplash or any other tile surface actually:
You can use the following steps for grouting the tiles:
Clean the tiles: When you set the tiles, the thinset can be squeezed out between the tiles. When ignored, they create patches of different color showing through the grout. So, scrape them out with a sharp blade or utility knife and use a damp sponge to wipe the tiles clean.
Choose a product: Considering the size of the joints and your budget, you have to decide whether you want to use cement based or resin based grout. Grout is available in different colors. So, you should ask for the color charts to find the grout color that perfectly matches with the tiles. The coverage chart on the back of a grout bag will help you in calculating the quantity of required grout for your specific project.
Mix: Lets know move on to the next step – how to mix grout. Prepare the grout by following the instruction on the grout bag. Mostly, grout is prepared by mixing the powder with water, but some products require liquid latex additives for extra protection. Grout in combination with liquid latex additives should be used for outdoor projects as the latex increase the strength and resistance of finished ceramic floor.
Spread it: Now you are ready to spread your mixed grout. Spreading in small areas like 3 x 3 feet gives a very good result. Use a grout float to thoroughly spread and fill every void and gap of your tiles. Don’t bother about the mess as the grout may entirely cover the tiles. Properly filling the seams and gaps of your tiles is the only thing you have to concentrate at this point.
Remove excess: Once you have thoroughly spread the grout and filled all the voids, use your grout float to remove excess grout from the tiles. If you properly wipe off the residual grout, you won’t have to work extra hard during the cleaning process.
Sponge it: Allow sufficient time to dry the grout and then use a moist sponge to wipe the floor. Don’t use a wet sponge, it should be almost dry. The idea is to clean the tiles without removing the fillings between the joints. Don’t aim for perfection while cleaning the tiles. You will achieve this goal after wiping the tiles again. Repeat this process until you have grouted and wiped the entire area of your project.
Clean wipe: Once again, clean the tiles by wiping with a moist sponge. Make sure to use clean water and rinse the sponge after each swipe to make the tiles really clean. Leave the tiles to dry.
Buff it out: Regardless your efforts in cleaning and swiping the tiles, some grout will remain stuck to the tiles. Use rags or clean towel to buff the tiles and remove the grout haze.
And finally, that’s it with the grouting floor tiles tips for today! Now you have the answer on how to grout tile so you can start your project.